Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Red Columbine Seed and Potted Plants
(ack-wih-LEE-gee-uh  can-uh-DEN-sis)

Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers Native Wild Flower Seeds and Plants
for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restoration john@easywildflowers.com

  Aquilegia canadensis, Red Columbine flower picture  Habitat Bloom Period Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Aquilegia canadensis, Eastern Red Columbine flower picture Aquilegia canadensis, wild Red columbine native wildflower seed Sun- Shade April, May, June Red with Yellow inside 24-36 Dry to Average 12"- 24" Perennial

Photos by cj    Click on picture for larger image  

 For other flowers visit the Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price List 
to order seeds and potted plant copy and mail the order form
or 
email questions, comments, and orders to john@easywildflowers.com

Aquilegia canadensis Red Columbine plants are available, $5.00 each plus UPS shipping.
Red Columbine plants are shipped on Monday/Tuesday by priority mail and UPS.  Shipping costs are determined by your zip code and number of plants.  Please contact us by email with your zip code for shipping charges on Columbine and our other native potted plants.

Aquilegia canadensis seeds
 Wild Columbine seeds

approximate
number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet -  $2.50 

 100 20 sq ft

1 ounce - $35.00

 23,437 1100 sq ft

1 pound ----------- 

375,000 17,600 sq ft

Aquilegia canadensis, Eastern Red Columbine, is a charming plant with attractive foliage and showy flowers that appeal to hummingbirds and butterflies.  This plant grows up to 3 feet tall harboring blue-green leaves growing at the plants base and along the stems.  The unique shape and color of Red Columbine flowers are created by 5 petals hanging from a stem in a bell-like fashion.  To provide elegant contrast, 5 leaf-like yellow sepals are appended to the red petals. Plant Eastern columbine in average, well drained soil in full sun to medium shade in a hummingbird or butterfly garden.

Native wild Aquilegia canadensis Red columbine seed germination is improved after a pretreatment of 3 to 4 weeks cold moist stratification or when planted outside in the fall or winter.

This delightful flowers of wild Eastern Red Columbine bloom in April, May, June, and July on rock ledges, along rocky slopes in woods, in ravines, and along bluffs from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, south to Florida and Texas.  Ranunculaceae (Crowfoot Family)

Plant native wild Columbine with other native woodland wildflowers like  Green Dragon  American Spikenard  Jack-in-the-pulpit  Goat's Beard  Wild Ginger  Wild Geranium  Virginia Bluebells  Woodland Phlox  Jacob's Ladder  Bloodroot  Celandine Poppy   Woodland Spiderwort  Purple Trillium   White Trillium  Blue Cohosh  Black Cohosh  Shooting Star  Ginseng    Christmas Fern   Dutchman's Breeches 

Alternate Names

Wild columbine, wild honeysuckle, meeting-houses, red-bell, Canada columbine, American columbine, rock-lily, jack-in-trousers, cluckies, Aquilegia australis, Aquilegia canadensis var. australis, Aquilegia canadensis var. coccinea, Aquilegia canadensis var. eminens, Aquilegia canadensis var. flaviflora, Aquilegia canadensis var. hybrida, Aquilegia canadensis var. latiuscula, Aquilegia canadensis  var. phippenii, Aquilegia canadensis forma flaviflora, Aquilegia canadensis forma ecalcarata, Aquilegia canadensis forma albiflora, Aquilegia canadensis forma phippenii, Aquilegia coccinea, Aquilegia elegans, Aquilegia eminens, Aquilegia flaviflora, Aquilegia latiuscula, Aquilegia phoenicantha and Aquilegia variegata.

 Seeds from this plant have been used to treat ailments such as headaches, sore throats, stomatitis, heart problems, skin rash or itch caused by poison ivy, kidney and urinary problems, and fever.  They have also been used for ceremonial medicines, perfume, and as additives to tobacco.  Roots of this plant can be used to treat gastrointestinal ailments.

 Red columbine is a popular garden perennial because it is hardy, lives approximately 3 to 5 years, and can readily regenerate by seed.  It is also useful for woodland and meadow plantings.

 Red columbine is pollinated by hummingbirds, which may depend on the plant as an important nectar source.  In addition, at least four bee species have been found to be effective pollinators of red columbine in southeastern Wisconsin and northwards.

 Buttercup Family (Ranunculaceae).  Red columbine is a perennial herb that has short-lived fibrous roots and a vertical underground stem (caudex).  It is 30-80 cm (12-30 in) tall, growing from the caudex.  Compound leaves are distinctly divided into obovate leaflets.  The flower is downward facing, with all petals prolonged backward into a tubular spur.  Sepals are petal-like and typically red.  Petals are yellow and become redder at the tip of the spur.  Plant growth begins in early spring.  This plant blooms from March to July and sets fruit in mid to late summer (June to August).  Aboveground portions of Red columbine die back to the caudex in mid to late autumn.

  Red Columbine is native to eastern and central North America and is found from Nova Scotia to Saskatchewan, south to northern Florida, western Oklahoma and eastern Texas.  For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site (http://plants.usda.gov).

  Red columbine is found in dry to mesic or even low woods, especially along borders or clearings of oak-hickory, oak-maple and maple-basswood forests, black-oak savannas, cedar glades, pine woods, and mixed conifer hardwood forests.  It can also be found on wooded to open rocky hillsides, bluffs, calcareous cliffs, outcrops, ledges, banks, beach ridges, gravelly shorelines, roadsides, quarries, and peat bogs.

 Red columbine grows in thin soils over granitic bedrock, steep hillsides of thin loess over limestone or quartzite bedrock, and on gravelly glacial marine soils.  Red columbine populations can occur in a wide range of habitats from rich woods to rocky cliffs.

 This hardy eastern perennial is propagated by seed.  Seed is mature and ready for collection when it turns black in the follicles.  Collected seed should be stored in seedbags at temperatures of 5o to 6oC (~41oF) and can be stored up to 4 months.  A 3 to 4 week period of moist stratification at 5oC may speed up germination time but does not increase germination rate. 

 Aquilegia canadensis seeds should be hand-sown into germination trays in greenhouse temperatures of 21o to 24oC (70o to 75oF).  Germination will take place within 3 to 4 weeks, and supplemental lighting is not necessary.  Soil in the germination trays must be kept evenly moist during germination.  Fertilization may damage the foliage, so avoid application while in germination trays.

 Seedlings can be transplanted into plug cells following a 3-4 week period of root development.  Plugs will need to be cut back to allow for air circulation over the media surface.  Approximately 2 weeks prior to outplanting, plants should be exposed to lower greenhouse, or frost-free outdoor, temperatures. 

 Although red columbine prefers soils that are well drained, loose, and slightly acidic, it will grow in medium that is loose and has a mixture of organic matter.  It will not bloom during the first growing season.

 Germination procedures can begin in August and as late as November.  Outplanting should take place in the spring (April).  Red columbine can also be direct-seeded at a planting site in the fall or early spring.  The general recommendation for wildflower seeding is 11 pounds per acre.

 Columbine species are little bothered by powdery mildew or broad mites.  The waxy nature of the leaves sheds water-based pesticides.  Red columbine is unpalatable to livestock but is sometimes browsed by deer.  Red columbine can survive fire disturbance.  Recolonization begins when the underground caudex resprouts following disturbance.  Population growth continues by seed. 

 The map below shows areas where wild Aquilegia canadensis Columbine plants grow wild but it can be planted and will grow over a much wider area than shown.  
USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 9.

Aquilegia canadensis  
Eastern Red Columbine natural distribution map

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland

Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma

Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South 
Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

State Distributional Map for Aquilegia canadensis native wildflower seed

Use the chart below for shipping charges on Red Columbine flower seeds
to order copy and mail the order form
or
 email questions, comments and orders to john@easywildflowers.com

please contact us by email for shipping charges on aquilegia Columbine potted plants

The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.
 

subtotal for flower seeds 

shipping charge for seeds

seed orders up to  $20.00    =  

 $4.00 shipping

$20.01 - $50.00    =  

 $6.00 shipping

$50.01-$100.00    =  

 $7.50 shipping

over $100.00    =    7.5 % of subtotal

We accept payment by check or money order and through the paypal website

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Easyliving Wildflowers
PO Box  522
Willow Springs,  MO.  65793

USA

Phone 417-469-2611 

We accept payment by check or money order and through PayPal

e-mail questions, comments, and orders to - john@easywildflowers.com

Aquilegia canadensis Red Columbine Plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.