Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea Wildflower Seed
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers Native Wild
for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restorations firstname.lastname@example.org
|Color||Height Inches||Moisture||Plant Spacing||Lifespan|
|Sun to light Shade|| June
|Yellow||12 to 36||Average||6 to 18 Inches||Annual|
Chamaecrista fasciculata partridge pea C. A. Rechenthin Click on photos for larger image
Chamaecrista = From the Greek chamai (dwarf) and crista (crest)
fasciculata = Banded, bundled
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea Seed
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Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price List
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| Chamaecrista fasciculata
partridge pea seed
1 packet - $2.50
|100||15 sq ft|
1 ounce - $6.00
|4000||190 sq ft|
1 pound $30.00
|64,000||3,000 sq ft|
is also known as Cassia
chamaecrista, Cassia fasciculata, sleeping plant, prairie partridge pea, showy
partridge pea, prairie senna, large-flowered sensitive-pea, dwarf cassia,
partridge pea senna, locust weed, golden cassia
Partridge Pea is useful for wildlife habitat improvement, erosion control,
recreational area plantings and roadside beautification.
The seed is one of the major food items of northern bobwhite and other
quail species because it remains in sound condition throughout the winter and
early spring. Partridge pea was
found to be one of the most important fall and winter foods of bobwhite quail in
Alabama. Partridge pea seeds are
high in phosphorus content and protein value, and low in crude fiber and lignin
making digestibility generally high. Seeds
of this legume are also eaten by the greater and lesser prairie-chicken,
ring-necked pheasant, mallard, grassland birds, and field mice.
Deer can eat it without being poisoned (note livestock use).
Partridge pea often grows in dense stands, producing litter and plant
stalks that furnish cover for upland game birds, small mammals, small non-game
birds, and waterfowl.
Partridge pea is considered an important honey plant, often occurring where few other honey plants are found. Nectar is not available in the flowers of showy partridge pea but is produced by small orange glands at the base of each leaf. Ants often seek the nectar and are frequent visitors. The common sulfur butterfly lays its eggs on the leaves, and the larvae use the leaves as a food source
Erosion control: The plant can be used along road banks and stream banks to control erosion. Partridge pea most commonly occurs as a pioneer or colonizer of disturbed areas.
and beautification: The flowers of this plant can be used to beautify areas
where wildflowers are planted. The
foliage is somewhat sensitive and will partially close when touched. Partridge
pea is commonly grown as an ornamental. The bright yellow flowers make it a
popular choice for use in native gardens.
Cherokee Drug (Sports Medicine):
root medicine used to keep ball players from tiring.
Cherokee Drug (Stimulant): compound infusion given for fainting spells. Seminole Drug (Antiemetic): cold decoction of plant used for nausea. Seminole Other (Tools): plants used as a bed for ripening persimmons.
Restoration: Partridge pea is considered an excellent species for planting on
disturbed areas for erosion control and improving soil fertility.
It establishes rapidly, fixes nitrogen, reseeds, and slowly decreases as
other species in the seeding mix begin to dominate the site. Nitrogen
fixation is greatest during the flowering stage.
To help prevent weed establishment and control soil erosion along county
roadsides in Iowa, partridge pea is often included in the seed mix with other
forbs and grasses.
Chamaecrista fasciculata is in the
Pea Family (Fabaceae). Partridge pea is an annual sub-erect native legume plant
that reaches a height of 1 to 3 feet. The
leaves consist of 10 to 15 pairs of small, narrow leaflets that are somewhat
delicate to the touch. The showy
yellow flowers, about 1 inch across, grow 2 to 4 together in clusters on the
stem. Flowers normally bloom
July-September. The fruit is a
straight, narrow pod 1½ to 2½ inches long, which splits along 2 sutures as it
dries; the pod sides spiral to expel the seeds some distance from the parent
Partridge pea grows on prairies, bluffs, riverbanks and river bottoms, as well
as upland woods of the Great Plains. Partridge
pea is common on sandy savannahs of the lower Gulf Coastal Plain.
Partridge pea is most common on sandy to sandy loam soils.
It grows best in full sunlight but will survive under shady conditions.
Partridge pea has low water requirements and will grow and produce seed
under stressed conditions. The lower pH limit of showy partridge pea is 5.0.
USDA hardiness zones for showy partridge pea are 3 to 9.
It is distributed throughout the Midwest, eastern, and southern United
seeds at 1/4 to 3/4 inch deep at a rate of 10-15 pounds of Pure live Seed (PLS)
per acre. If broadcasting seeds,
the rate should be increased and seed covered by lightly disking or by
cultipacking. Partridge pea can be
planted from late winter (March) to late spring (May).
Scarification will improve germination of seed, but it is not necessary
to establish plantings of partridge pea. Seed
should also be inoculated with the correct species of rhizobium before planting.
Fertilizer should be applied at the recommended rate, based on soil
samples, at time of planting.
Established stands should be disked lightly in the spring to expose mineral soil
on which the seed can germinate. Partridge
pea usually reseeds but will gradually disappear without regular maintenance.
Light disking to remove weeds, small brush, and old sod is necessary for
healthy stands. In areas where
prescribed burning is permitted, controlled fire is an excellent method for
controlling unwanted vegetation. Fire or disking should be done in late winter for best
results. Weeds can also be
controlled during the growing season by mowing over the top of partridge pea
partridge pea seed can be cold moist stratified for 56 days to improve
germination. Under controlled
conditions germination occurs at an alternating cycle of 30oC daytime
and 15oC nighttime temperatures.
The optimum soil temperature for germination is 20oC to 30oC.
Seventy percent of seeds will germinate in 7 to 25 days. The
seed count of partridge pea is approximately 62,000 seeds per pound from
Seed for production fields should be planted ¼ to ¾ inches deep on raised beds 36-40 inches apart. The seeding rate for seed production is 2-3 pounds PLS per acre. Being a legume that fixes nitrogen partridge pea only needs one 20-pound application of phosphorous applied in the spring each year. Seeds are ready for harvest in late October and November. Partridge pea may be direct harvested with a combine or plants may be swathed and combined after drying.
partridge pea grows wild throughout
the Midwest, eastern, and southern
United States in zones 3 to 9
Chamaecrista fasciculata partridge pea
Use the chart below for shipping charges on Chamaecrista fasciculata partridge pea flower seeds
to order copy and mail the order form
email questions, comments and orders to firstname.lastname@example.org
The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.
subtotal for flower seeds
shipping charge for seeds
seed orders up to $20.00 =
$20.01 - $50.00 =
over $100.00 = 7.5 % of subtotal
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partridge pea plant distribution map
complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
(http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.