Cocculus carolinus Carolina Moonseed
Carolina Snailseed Coralbeads
Seeds and Potted Plants
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  Cocculus carolinus picture, Carolina Moonseed Vine, Coralbeads Vine Habitat Bloom Period Color Height feet Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Cocculus carolinus, Carolina Moonseed is also know as Carolina snailseed, Coralbeads, and Redberry Moonseed   sun, med. shade July-
fruits bright red climbing to 14 feet  average to moist perennial

 Cocculus carolinus Carolina Moonseed fruit and seed photos by cj click on images for larger pictures

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Cocculus carolinus seed
Carolina Moonseed

number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet - 

25 30

1 ounce -


1 pound -


Cocculus = Little Berry 
carolinus = of the Carolinas

May grow aggressively and be invasive in Southern states

Seeds are available - seed shipping information at bottom of page
Cocculus carolinus
, Carolina Moonseed is also know as Carolina snailseed,
Coralbeads, and Redberry Moonseed.  Moonseed is a very showy slender, twining deciduous native vine with long clusters of brilliant red fruits that can be seen dangling from high in tall trees and over shrubs in the SE United States.  Carolina moonseed vine with it's nearly translucent bright red berries and dark green attractive leaves will climb up to 14 feet high with a 4- to 6-foot spread and is usually found at the margins of openings in forests, often near streams.  The inconspicuous flowers are small, numerous, greenish, bloom in late Spring and mature into tight clusters of plump, scarlet showy berries in late Summer.  Carolina Moonseed or Snailseed with its attractive scarlet fruits should be utilized more in home landscaping where it can be grown on trellises, arbors and fences or let naturally weave through large shrubs.  The berries should not be eaten by people but are eaten by a large number of birds.  Each fruit has a single seed that resembles a small snail shell.

Native Cocculus carolinus vines are tolerant of a wide range of soils and growing conditions and easily grown in average, medium wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. May not be reliably winter hardy in all of Zone 5 where it often suffers partial dieback or dies to the ground in harsh winters.  Carolina Moonseed can be grown in a large pot but will need some trimming to keep within bounds. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.  Usually will not produce fruit in early years.  Cocculus refers to the snail-shaped seed; carolinus refers to "Carolina".

Cocculus carolinus seed should be planted outside in fall/winter or given cold stratification for 3 months. Stratified seeds germinate in 3 to 4 weeks at 68 F. They are hardy from USDA zone 5-9.

The map below shows areas where Cocculus carolinus Carolina Moonseed vine grows wild but it can be planted and will grow over a wider area than shown.  USDA plant hardiness zones 5 to 10.  

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina Moonseed



North Carolina
South Carolina

State Distributional Map for Cocculus carolinus, Carolina Moonseed, Carolina snailseed, coralbeads, Redberry Moonseed

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Cocculus carolinus Carolina Moonseed, Carolina Snailseed, Coralbeads Plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.