Ratibida pinnata
Prairie Coneflower 
Grayhead Coneflower
Yellow Coneflower
Seed & plants
(ruh-TIB-ih-duh  pin-AH-tuh)
Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
Native Wild Flower Seeds & Plants for Home Landscaping & Prairie Restoration
john@easywildflowers.com  

Ratibida pinnata Prairie Coneflower Grayhead Coneflower picture Habitat Bloom Period Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Ratibida pinnata, grayhead coneflower picture, prairie coneflower Sun to Medium Shade June and July Yellow 36 - 48 Dry to moist 12 to 30 Inches Perennial

 additional photo Photos by cj  

For other flowers visit the Wildflower Seed/Plant Price lLst 
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or 
email questions, comments, and orders to john@easywildflowers.com  
 
Ratibida pinnata Prairie Grayhead Coneflower potted plants are
Sold Out

Ratibida pinnata seed
Prairie Coneflower, 
Grayhead Coneflower seed

approximate
number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet -  $2.50 + shipping

 200

40 sq ft

1 ounce - $9.50

 33,800

1,690 sq ft

1 pound -----------

 528,000

27,000 sq ft

Ratibida pinnata, Pinnate Prairie Coneflower is often called Yellow coneflower because of its drooping petticoat of yellow petals or Gray-head Coneflower for its gray seed head.  The crushed seed heads have a sharply aromatic anise scent.  Native Prairie Coneflower will tolerate a wide range of conditions but grows best in rich, well drained soil and full sun where it will create a dramatic show.  It is best used in a butterfly garden or prairie meadow and for cut flowers.  Yellow coneflower is also the common name for Echinacea paradoxa, a completely different native wildflower.  Pinnate Prairie Coneflower seeds are eaten by songbirds and it's flowers attract butterflies.

Native Ratibida pinnata seed germination is improved after a pretreatment of 4 to 6 weeks of cold moist stratification or when planted outside in the fall or early winter.

Native Ratibida pinnata Prairie Grayhead Coneflower is an aromatic plant occurring naturally in borders of woods and prairies from Ontario and New York to Minnesota, South Dakota, and Nebraska, south to Georgia and Texas.  Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Alternative Names
gray-head prairie coneflower, drooping coneflower, yellow coneflower, pinnate prairie coneflower

 Ethnobotanic: Ratibida pinnata root was used to cure toothache (Fielder 1975).

 Landscaping &Wildlife
Yellow coneflower is a strong survivor of former prairies where the majority of the original plants have perished.  This is a long lived species and is best to plant where there is competition from other plants.  The seed heads are eaten by birds in late fall.  Ratibida pinnata flowers attract several different butterfly species.

Ratibida pinnata Grayhead Coneflower is in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae).  Prairie Grayhead coneflower is a native perennial herb growing from a woody caudex up to one meter or taller.  The leaves are pinnantely compound, mostly with five to seven lanceolate segments, with harsh and scurfy surfaces (Bruggen 1976).  The disk flowers are usually gray at first becoming brown with age.  When the disk heads are crushed, an odor of anise is emitted.  Each flower has its own stalk and five to eight yellow, drooping petals arranged in a cone shape.

 Ratibida pinnata occurs in prairies, thickets, and borders of woods.  It is often found along roadsides and railroad right-of-ways.  Prairie Grayhead coneflower grows best on loam, clay, and sandy soil types that are from medium moisture to dry.  It prefers calcareous soils that are neutral pH 6-7, but will grow in sunny locations with well-drained soils, and is often found in wet mesic, mesic and dry mesic sites.

 Establishment
Propagation by Seed
: Ratibida pinnata seeds are best planted in the spring or fall. Generally the seeds does not need any pre-treatment.  They can be stratified at 33 to 38ºF for thirty days.

 Management
Harvesting of seeds should be done from October through November.  The cones should be clipped form the stem and placed into a bucket to rub the seeds off the cone to be used for propagation.

 Distribution
Yellow coneflower ranges from Ontario and New York to Minnesota, South Dakota, and Nebraska, south to Georgia, Arkansas and Oklahoma (Steyermark 1963). 

 Description
The map below shows areas where native grayhead yellow coneflower grows wild, it is hardy over a much wider area if planted.  Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 9.

Ratibida pinnata
Prairie Coneflower

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky

Louisiana
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi 
Missouri
Nebraska
New York
Ohio

Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

State Distributional Map for Ratibida pinnata, prairie coneflower wild flower seed

Use the chart below for shipping charges on flower seeds,
to order copy the order form
or
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Please contact us by email with your zip code and number of plants for shipping charges & availability on potted plants

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The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.

subtotal for flower seeds 

shipping charge for seeds

seed orders up to  $20.00    =    $3.00 shipping
$20.01 - $50.00    =    $4.00 shipping
$50.01-$100.00    =    $5.00 shipping

over $100.00    =    5 % of subtotal

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Ratibida pinnata gray-head yellow prairie coneflower, drooping coneflower, pinnate prairie coneflower Yellow coneflower Plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

 

Alternate Names
gray-head prairie coneflower, drooping coneflower, pinnate prairie coneflower
Uses
Ethnobotanic: American Indians used the flower cones and leaves to make a tea, and the root was used as a cure for toothache (Runkel and Roosa 1989).
Landscaping and Wildlife: Yellow coneflower produces an attractive and distinct flower that is easily grown in gardens. The flowers attract
butterflies throughout the summer, and its seeds are sought by birds in the late fall.
Forage: When young, it provides good grazing for livestock (Runkal and Roosa 1989). However, the stems become woody with age, and less palatable.
Status
Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant‟s current status (e.g. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values).
Description and Adaptation
Yellow coneflower is a member of the daisy family, Asteraceae, and is a summer perennial. It grows up right and may be a meter or more in height. The slender, grooved stems have fine, upward pointing hairs, and may branch with a flower on top of each stem. The flowers may have between 5 to 10 petals that droop down toward the stem with a distinct “cone” in the center.
Distribution: This species is widely distributed across the United States. It can be found up and down the east coast from Vermont to Florida and westward to Kansas, Oklahoma, and Nebraska. It is most commonly associated with the prairie regions of the central United States, and is often seen along roadsides.
Establishment
Stands of this species can be readily established from seed. Plantings can be made in either the spring or fall. Spring plantings may require the seed to be stored slightly above freezing for at least 30 days to ensure good germination. The seed requires a clean, firm seed bed, and may be drilled or broadcast. Stands have been established using 12-24 inch row spacing at a seeding rate of 20-40 seeds per foot, and by broadcasting 5 pounds of seed per acre. Four ounces per acre is recommended when mixed with other species.
Management
Yellow coneflower is not inhibited by competition, and does well when used in conjunction with other species. It has an open structure and should be planted in relatively dense stands to inhibit weed growth if a monoculture is desired.
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Pests and Potential Problems
Birds will feed heavily on the seed heads of this flower in the fall of the year. This is advantageous for the wildlife watcher, but maybe a potential problem for those growing this species for seed production.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials (and area of origin)
„Sunglow‟ – (Kansas) Sunglow was released in 1978, and has shown to have excellent vigor. This cultivar is especially adapted to the central United States. Its range includes portions of South Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. This plant material is readily available from commercial sources.
Prepared By & Species Coordinator:
R. Alan Shadow
USDA NRCS Manhattan Plant Material Center , Manhattan, Kansas

 

Alternative Names
gray-head prairie coneflower, drooping coneflower, pinnate prairie coneflower
Uses
Ethnobotanic: Ratibida pinnata root was used to cure toothache (Fielder 1975).
Landscaping &Wildlife: Yellow coneflower is a strong survivor of former prairies where the majority of the original plants have perished. This is a long live species and is best to plant where there is competition from other plants. The seed heads are eaten by birds in the late fall. The flowers attract several different butterfly species.
Status
Please consult the Plants Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status, such as, state noxious status and wetland indicator values.
Description
General: Sunflower family (Asteraceae). Yellow coneflower is a native perennial herb growing from a woody caudex up to one meter or taller. The leaves are pinnantely compound, mostly with five to seven lanceolate segments, with harsh and scurfy surfaces (Bruggen 1976). The disk flowers are usually gray at first becoming brown with age. When the disk heads are crushed, an odor of anise is emitted. Each flower has its own stalk and five to eight yellow, drooping petals arranged in a cone shape.
Distribution: Yellow coneflower ranges from Ontario and New York to Minnesota, South Dakota, and Nebraska, south to Georgia, Arkansas and Oklahoma (Steyermark 1963). For current distribution, please consult the Plant profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Adaptation
This species occurs in prairies, thickets, and borders of woods. It is often found along roadsides and railroad right-of-ways. Yellow coneflower grows best on loam, clay, and sandy soil types that are from medium moisture to dry. It prefers calcareous soils that are neutral pH 6-7, but will grow in sunny locations with well-drained soils, and is often found in wet mesic, mesic and dry mesic sites.
Establishment
Propagation by Seed: Ratibida pinnata seeds are best planted in the spring or fall. Generally the seeds does not need any pre-treatment. They can be stratified at 33 to 38ºF for thirty days.
Management
Harvesting of seeds should be done from October through November. The cones should be clipped form the stem and placed into a bucket to rub the seeds off the cone to be used for propagation.
Division of Natural Areas and Preserves
Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Cultivars, Improved and Selected Materials (and area of origin)
Somewhat available through native plant seed sources within its range. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for more information. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.” The Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading “Department of Agriculture.”
References
Bruggen, T. V. 1976. The vascular plants of South Dakota. The Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.
Fielder, M. 1975. Plant medicine and folklore. Winchester Press, New York, New York.
Gleason, H. A. 1952. The new Britton and Brown illustrated flora of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 3 vols. The New York Botanical Garden, New York, New York.
Grimm, W.C. 1993. The Illustrated book of wildflowers and shrubs. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA.
Mohlenbrock, R.H., ed. 1975. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, Illinois.
Mohlenbrock, R. H. & J.W. Voight 1959. A flora of southern Illinois. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, Illinois.
Ohio Department of Natural Resources 2000. Ohio prairies. Division of Natural Areas and Preserves. Accessed: 11jan02. <http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/dnap/prairies/OhioPrairies.htm>
Small, J. K. 1933. Manual of the southeastern flora. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Steyermark, J. A. 1963. Flora of Missouri. The Iowa State University Press, Ames Iowa.
Swink, F. & G. S. Wilhelm 1979. Plants of the Chicago region. 3rd ed. The Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Illinois.
The Great Plains Flora Association 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.
Prepared By
Jammie Favorite
formerly USDA, NRCS, National Plant Data Center
Baton Rouge, Louisiana