Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod - Old Field Goldenrod
sole-ih-DAY-go  nem-or-RAY-lis

Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers Native Wildflower Seeds and Potted Plants

for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restoration john@easywildflowers.com  

  Solidago nemoralis, Gray Goldenrod or Old-Field Goldenrod Seed Picture Habitat Bloom Period Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Solidago nemoralis, Gray Goldenrod or Old-Field Goldenrod Flower Picture Solidago nemoralis, gray goldenrod, old field goldenrod picture Sun to 
Lt Shade
 July,  August, September Lemon Yellow

6 to 24

Dry to Average 8 - 24 Inches Perennial


 Photo by cj  Click on picture for larger image

For our other Native Wildflowers visit Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price List 

 to order copy and mail the order form
OR
 email questions, comments, and orders to  john@easywildflowers.com

Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod potted plants are available $5.00 each plus Boxing/Shipping

email your zip code and number of plants for shipping charges on potted plants
We accept payment by check or money order and through paypal.

Solidago nemoralis seed
Gray Goldenrod seed

approximate
number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet -  $2.50 + shipping

200

30 sq ft

1 ounce - ---------  

62,500

3,700 sq ft

1 pound -----------

 1,000,000

59,200 sq ft

Goldenrods DO NOT cause hay fever.

Seed shipping chart at bottom of page

Solidago = From the word for heal, to make whole
nemoralis = Of woods or groves

Solidago nemoralis, Gray Goldenrod or Old-Field Goldenrod is a short erect native wildflower 18 to 24 inches tall with clumps of gray-green basil foliage and densely packed one-sided spikes of lemon yellow flowers that bloom from late summer to fall.  Native Solidago nemoralis plants grow best when planted in lean, sandy or loamy soil in full sun to light shade.  Gray Goldenrod attracts butterflies and is one of the better wild flowers to use in the butterfly garden or rock garden where it will tolerate very poor soil. 

Solidago nemoralis Gray goldenrod has hairy, grayish leaves and stems. It is common in dry, sandy or rocky areas and is excellent for xeriscaping and rock gardens.

Solidago nemoralis is a low growing native wild flower occurring naturally in meadows, prairies, savannas, and dunes from Georgia to Texas, North to Nova Scotia, Ontario, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Alberta.  Zones 2 to 9. Asteraceae (Aster Family)

The map below shows areas where native Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod plants grow wild, it is hardy over a much wider area if planted.  Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 2 to 9.

Solidago nemoralis
Gray Goldenrod

Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas 
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts

Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska 
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio

Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina 
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

State Distributional Map for Solidago nemoralis, gray or old field goldenrod wild flower seed

Alabama
Arkansas
Colorado

Use the chart below for shipping charges on our native wildflower seeds

to order copy and mail the order form
or
 email questions, comments and orders to john@easywildflowers.com 

Please contact us by email with your address for shipping charges and availability on Solidago flexicaulis Zigzag Goldenrod potted plants

We accept payment by check, money order, and through Paypal

The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.
 

subtotal for flower seeds 

shipping charge for seeds

seed orders up to  $20.00    =  

 $4.00 shipping

$20.01 - $50.00    =  

 $6.00 shipping

$50.01-$100.00    =  

 $7.50 shipping

over $100.00    =    7.5 % of subtotal

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Easyliving Wildflowers
PO Box  522
Willow Springs,  MO.  65793
USA
Phone 417-469-2611 

We accept payment by check or money order and through PayPal

e-mail questions, comments, and orders to  john@easywildflowers.com

Solidago nemoralis Gray Goldenrod Plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alternate Names
Old Field Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod
Uses
Landscaping and Wildlife: Grey goldenrod is a beautiful plant in flower and creates an effective groundcover in dry, harsh, sunny conditions. For these reasons it is often used in native landscapes, rock gardens, butterfly gardens and meadow plantings. It also has potential as a component of conservation mixes. A wide range of insects visit the flowers for pollen and nectar, including long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, Sphecid and Vespid wasps, flies, butterflies, moths and beetles. Bee pollinators include honey bees, Little Carpenter bees, Halictid bees and Plasterer bees. Fly pollinators include Syrphid flies, Tachinid flies, Flesh flies, Blow flies and Muscid flies. The caterpillars of many moths, including the goldenrod scarlet plant bug, net-veined beetle and leaf-footed bug, feed on the foliage and other parts of this plant. The seeds are also eaten by the Eastern Goldfinch to a limited extent. Ethno botanical: Native Americans boiled the roots and used the liquid to treat jaundice and kidney disorders. The leaves were boiled and the liquid used as a wash for burns and skin ulcers. The Navajo burned the plant as incense, and the seeds were used for food.
Status
Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values).
Description and Adaptation
Gray goldenrod is a native perennial wildflower it is one of the smaller species of goldenrod, growing from 6 inches and seldom reaching 2.5 feet tall. The central stem is reddish or grey-green and covered with short white hairs, often in lines. Usually this stem has winged leaflets at the axils of the upper leaves. The alternate leaves are up to 4 inches long and ¾” across, pubescent (covered with fine short hairs) and become smaller as they ascend the stem. The leaves taper to a narrow base and have a soft scratch feel to them. The leaf margins are smooth or slightly serrate. Grey goldenrod flowers later than most other goldenrods. The narrow flower is wider in the middle and has numerous yellow compound flowers that are about ¼” across. The blooming period occurs during the fall and lasts about a month. The flowers occasionally have a slight fragrance. After flowering, the small dry seed develops with tufts of hair and are dispersed by the wind. The root system consists of a branching caudex (a thickened root structure that serves as water storage for the plant) and rhizomes. The caudex root system is especially prevalent on older plants. In suitable locations, grey goldenrod has a tendency to form groups of plants.
Grey goldenrod is a carefree plant that prefers growing in full sun and dry soil. This plant thrives in sand, clay or gravel soils. It will also grow in fertile soils however it can be short-lived if the site is too rich.
Distribution: This species is widely distributed from Georgia to Texas, north to Nova Scotia and Alberta Canada in USDA cold hardiness zones 2 – 9. Habitats include: meadows, dry open woods, upland Control prairies, pastures, savannas, fallow fields, thickets, roadsides, railroads, eroded slopes, and sand dunes
Establishment
Seed Propagation: Seed ripens in the autumn and should be collected when the heads are brown and become fluffy. Fresh seed germinates at low percentages without any
pretreatment. Germination is improved by 90 days of cold moist pretreatment (40 degrees F). This pretreatment may be accomplished artificially in a refrigerator or by sowing the seed in the fall.
Vegetative Propagation: Four to six node softwood stem cuttings taken in the late spring root nearly 100 percent. Plants may also be propagated by division of mature plants. Make sure each section has a bud and a root. It can also be divided by separating individual crowns with a length of rhizome (horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below) before growth begins in the spring.
Management
Grey goldenrod is a hardy, pioneer plant with relatively few problems. It is easy to maintain with the addition of low to moderate levels of nitrogen (50 lbs. / acre). Before amending the soil with any additional nutrients a soil test is highly recommended. Gray goldenrod will naturalize under optimal conditions and can become weedy in moist, highly fertile soils, especially in the Western U.S.
Pests and Potential Problems
Gray goldenrod tends to be a care-free plant but may be affected by spot anthracnose, powdery mildew, rust, and fungal spots in moist conditions.
Environmental Concerns
Weediness: This plant may become weedy or invasive in western states where it may displace other desirable vegetation if not properly managed.
Control
Gray goldenrod is easily controlled by foliar applications broad spectrum herbicides. Please contact your agricultural extension specialist or county weed specialist to learn what works best in your area and how to use it safely. Always read label and safety instructions for each control method. Trade names and control measures appear in this document only to provide specific information. USDA NRCS does not guarantee the products and control methods named, and other products may be equally effective.
Cultivars, Improved, and Selected Materials
There are no recommended cultivars or selected materials at this time. Gray goldenrod may be available from commercial nurseries specializing in native plants.
Prepared By and Species Coordinator:
Shawn Belt, USDA NRCS National Plant Materials Center Beltsville, Maryland
Edited: 090112 jsp