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Tradescantia ozarkana Woodland Spiderwort
trad-es-KANT-ee-uh)

Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers Native wild Flower Seeds and Potted Plants

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Tradescantia ozarkana
Ozark Spiderwort
Habitat Bloom Period Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Tradescantia ernestiana picture, woodland spiderwort picture Shade to part sun April, May White 8 to 15 Average to Moist 12 to 24 Inches Perennial

Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort  Photo by cj 

Tradescantia ozarkana ozark spiderwort potted plants ARE AVAILABLE $5.00 each plus Boxing/Shipping

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Tradescantia = Named for John Tradescant, 17th century botanist and gardener

Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort is a very showy native wildflower for the spring shade garden.  Ozark spiderwort is small and not aggressive like the larger relative Ohio Spiderwort.  This shade spiderwort grows wild on moist rocky wooded slopes, in valleys and along Ozarks streams in Southern Missouri, northwestern Arkansas, and eastern Oklahoma but can be planted over most of the Midwestern and Eastern US.  Plant Ozark Spiderwort in average to moist rich soil in light to heavy shade in the Midwest and Eastern US.  This is a very attractive woodland wildflower for the shade garden and will grow over most of the Midwestern and Eastern United States

Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort is a small showy native wildflower with white flowers perfect for the spring shade garden.  Woodland spiderwort does not take over like the larger Ohio Spiderwort.

Plant Ozark Spiderwort with other native woodland wildflowers like  Columbine  Green Dragon  American Spikenard  Jack-in-the-pulpit  Goat's Beard  Wild Ginger  Wild Geranium  Virginia Bluebells  Woodland Phlox  Jacob's Ladder  Bloodroot  Celandine Poppy   Purple Trillium   White Trillium  Blue Cohosh  Black Cohosh  Shooting Star  Ginseng   Christmas Fern   Dutchman's Breeches 

Our Native Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark spiderwort grows wild in the Ozarks region of Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma.  It can be planted and grown over most of the Midwest and Eastern US.  Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 to 9.  

Native Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort  plants grow wild in the Ozarks area in
Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahoma

Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort SEEDS are NOT available

email with your zip code and number of plants for the correct shipping amount on our native wildflower potted plants.
Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark Spiderwort potted plants

 email questions, comments and orders to john@easywildflowers.com
417-469-2611

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PO Box  522
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Phone 417-469-2611 

We accept payment by check or money order and through PayPal

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Native Tradescantia ozarkana Ozark spiderwort plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Alternate Names
Common spiderwort, dayflower, flower-of-a-day, Job’s tears, snake-grass, spider-lily, trinity, trinity-lily, widow’s-tears
Uses
Ethnobotanic: The Cherokee and other Native American tribes used Virginia spiderwort for various food and medicinal purposes. The young leaves were eaten as salad greens or were mixed with other greens and then either fried or boiled until tender. The plant was mashed and rubbed onto insect bites to relieve pain and itching. A paste, made from the mashed roots, was used as a poultice to treat cancer. A tea made from the plant was used as a laxative and to treat stomachaches associated with overeating. Virginia spiderwort was one of the seven ingredients in a tea used to treat “female ailments or rupture.” It was also combined with several other ingredients in a medicine for kidney trouble.
Status
Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values).
Description
General: Spiderwort Family (Commelinaceae). Virginia spiderwort is a native, perennial forb. This plant was probably named for the delicate spider web-like filaments that surround the anthers of the flower or the threadlike secretion that emerges from the stem upon cutting. The lightly fragrant flowers (2 to 5.4 cm in diameter) grow in terminal clusters. The flower’s three broadly ovate petals are generally bright blue but are sometimes purple, violet, rose, and rarely white. Individual blossoms last for only one or two days, but new blossoms appear daily throughout the spring blooming period. The plants grow in erect clumps that range from 30 to 60 cm in height. The rounded stalks are either single or branched at the base. The roots are thick and fleshy. The plant spreads through underground stems or stolons to form large colonies. The smooth iris-like leaves are long (15 to 46 cm) and narrow (2.5 cm wide) with a prominent midrib.
Distribution: For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Habitat: Virginia spiderwort can be found in moist prairies, fertile woodlands, open woods, meadows, hillsides, stony bluffs, stream banks, and along roadsides.
Establishment
Virginia spiderwort is a vigorous plant that likes moist soils but will adapt to drier, average garden soils. The plants are often seen in old-fashioned gardens and work well as part of a perennial border. They are recommended for bogs and naturally wet sites where the plants can form large clumps when grown in full sun. The plants will flower in both sun and shade. Plants may be propagated from seed but they are more easily started from cuttings or divisions. For cuttings, take a single-node stem cutting late in the season, just as the plants begin to bolt. Place the cutting in moist soil up to the base of the leaf. To propagate by division, divide the thick roots in the fall or early in the spring. Be careful to divide the leaves so that each section includes its own roots. Established plants will self-sow and stalks that lay on the ground will readily root from the nodes.
Management
The foliage may be partially clipped back after blooming to control the size and untidy appearance of
© George F. Russell
Smithsonian Institution, Dept of Botany
@ PLANTS
the plant. The plants will flower a second time in the late summer or fall if the stems are removed soon after the first flowering period. This vigorous grower can be somewhat controlled by dividing the plants every two to four years and by regularly removing the stalks that slump to the ground before they have the opportunity to take root. Large clumps may be divided by first lifting the root mass from the soil with a shovel. Then divide the clump into pieces that contain four to six shoots each with roots attached. Immediately plant and water the divisions.
Pests and Potential Problems
Virginia spiderwort is relatively pest and disease free. Snails will eat the young shoots.
Cultivars, Improved and Selected Materials (and area of origin)
These plant materials are somewhat available from commercial sources. Contact your local Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly Soil Conservation Service) office for more information. Look in the phone book under ”United States Government.” The Natural Resources Conservation Service will be listed under the subheading “Department of Agriculture.”
References
Bailey, L.H. and E.Z. Bailey 1976. Hortus Third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Simon and Schuster Macmillan Co., New York, New York. 1290 pp.
Banks, W.H. 1953. Ethnobotany of the Cherokee Indians. Master of Science Thesis, University of Tennessee, Tennessee. 216 pp.
Chapman, A.W. 1883. Flora of the Southern United States: Flowering Plants and Ferns. Second Edition. J. Wilson and Son, Cambridge, Massachusetts. 698 pp.
Coffey, T. 1993. The history and folklore of North American wildflowers. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA. 356 pp.
Cullina, W. 2000. The New England Wild Flower Society guide to growing and propagating wildflowers in the United States and Canada. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York, New York. 322 pp.
Hamel, P.B. and M.U. Chiltoskey 1975. Cherokee plants and their uses: A 400-year history. Herald Publishing Company, Sylva, North Carolina. 65 pp.
Mi
ssouri Botani

 

Flowers (late April-May) are showy, with 3 petals that range from pale lavender-pink to white.
Technical Description: Roots relatively short and fleshy, not persistently pilose; stems erect or ascending, usually rather stout, straight or very slightly flexuose, 1.5-5.0 dm tall, glabrous to softly pilose; nodes 4-7; internodes 2-8 cm long; leaves delicately subsucculent, light green, subglaucous, the anastomosing secondary veins clearly manifest in desiccation, the blade ovate- to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, abruptly constricted into the sheath, 10-28 cm long, 1.5-5.0 cm broad, glabrous, or the margin sparsely and minutely ciliolate, stomata predominantly restricted to the lower surface, the sheath 0.5-3.0 cm long, about 0.6-3.0 cm broad; cymes umbellate, several-flowered; bracts foliaceous, 6-15 cm long, 1.5-4.0 cm broad, spreading to slightly ascending; pedicels 2.0-3.2 cm long, somewhat accrescent after maturity, pale green, more or less densely glandular-pilosulose; sepals elliptic, acuminate, 0.9-1.0 cm long, very slightly foliaceous, not inflated, more or less densely glandular-pilosulose; petals broadly ovate, 1.2- 1.6 cm long, pale rose-lavender to white; filaments abundantly pilose, connective broadly trapezoid; ovary ovoid, glandular-puberulent; capsules pandurate-obovoid, 0.6-0.8 cm long; seeds 0.3-0.4 cm long, roughly compressed-oblongoid, the funicular scar about as long as the seed (Anderson and Woodson 1935).
Diagnostic Characteristics: Anderson and Woodson (1935) reported that Tradescantia ozarkana "is obviously most closely related to T. edwardsiana of south-central Texas" and that "the two species evidently differ almost entirely in their foliage." However, since the ranges of these two taxa do not overlap, a problem of identification should not exist.

Steyermark (1963) described a second woodland species of Tradescantia from the Ozark region, T. longipes, whose range overlaps that of T. ozarkana. These two taxa are differentiated by the larger leaf blades (15-50 mm.) in T. ozarkana which are more or less glaucous and hairless except at the margins.

A combination of the following characteristics from Anderson and Woodson (1935) should be diagnostic in distinguishing T. ozarkana from all other species of spiderworts in North America: erect or ascending stems, very conspicuous bracts, at least the upper leaf blades broader than the sheath, sepals 0.4-1.0 cm long, leaf blades directly constricted into the sheath and capsules 0.6-0.8 cm long. Watson (1992) reported pale-green leaves with crinkled edges as a special identifying feature for Tradescantia ozarkana.

Ecology Comments: Very little ecological information is available for this taxon. Flowering occurs in April and May and populations generally range in size from 10-20 individuals to several thousand (Watson 1989, AR NHC 1992, MO NHD 1994). This suggests that under optimum conditions, the species may be able to build up large population numbers at a given site.

Steyermark (1963) reported that T. ozarkana hybridizes with T. ernestiana in Barry County at Eagle Rock near Roaring River State Park and with T. ohiensis in Ozark and Taney Counties in Missouri. "The latter hybrid is a broad-leaved, glaucous plant with often glabrous or only hairy-tipped sepals."

Habitat Comments:
Tradescantia ozarkana occurs in steep, rocky, wooded slopes and ravines, bases and mesic lower slopes of bluffs as well as dry to moist woodland ledges (Steyermark 1963, AR NHC 1992 and MO NHD 1994). Most often associated with a limestone/dolomite substrate, T. ozarkana has also been reported from sandstone by Watson (1989). The taxon is recorded between 500 and 2550+ feet in elevation. Slope aspect does not appear to be a limiting habitat factor.