Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root
ver-on-ih-KAS-trum  ver-JIN-ih-kum

Native Wild Flower Seeds and Potted Plants

Easyliving Native Perennial Wildflowers
 for Home Landscaping and Prairie Restoration  john@easywildflowers.com 

Veronicastrum virginicum picture, culver's root picture Habitat Bloom Period Color Height Inches Moisture Plant Spacing Lifespan
Sun to 
Lt Shade
June, July, August White 36 to 60 Average to Moist 12 to 24 Inches Perennial

Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root additional picture  Photo by cj   

For our other Native Wildflowers visit Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price List

 to order copy and mail the order form
or
 email questions, comments, and orders to john@easywildflowers.com 

We accept payment by check or money order, and through paypal.

Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root potted plants are available $5.00 each plus Boxing/Shipping

email with your zip code and number of plants for the correct shipping charge on potted plants

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's Root

approximate
number of seeds

approximate coverage
in square feet

1 packet -$2.50  + shipping

  300

40 sq ft

1 ounce - --------- 

  600,000

 sq ft

1 pound -----------

 

 sq ft

Veronicastrum = Resembles Veronica, genus name in honor of Saint Veronica
        virginicum = of or from Virginia (U.S.)

Veronicastrum virginicum or Culver's Root is an elegant plant with stems extending 3 to 6 feet high topped with clusters of creamy white flowers in erect, candelabra style spikes extending above dark green whorled leaves arranged in groups of 3 to 8.  This plant will provide a dramatic show when massed for effect or planted in a meadow garden with Echinacea (Purple Coneflower), Rudbeckia (Sweet Black-eyed Susan), Solidago (Rigid Goldenrod), and Monarda (Wild Bergamot).  Culver's Root plants prefer rich moist soil in full sun to light shade, but will tolerate a dry site once established.  Culver's Root seeds should be planted outside in fall/winter either in seed flats covered with window screen or can be planted directly in the flower bed.  Culver's Root seeds are very small and should be planted on top of the soil.

Culver's Root contains a number of chemicals that have been used in folk medicine.  It was named for Dr. Coulvert, an American physician of the late 17th and early 18th century.

Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root seeds are very tiny and should be scattered on the soil surface, germination is improved after a pretreatment of 3 to 4 weeks of cold moist stratification or when planted outside in fall or early winter.

Native Veronicastrum virginicum wildflower is an elegant plant occurring naturally in glades, rocky open woods, and prairies from Georgia to Texas, north to New York, West Virginia, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and introduced in Massachusetts.  Scrophulariaceae (Snapdragon Family)

The map below shows areas where native Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root wildflower plants grow wild, it is hardy over a much wider area if planted.  Plant in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 to 9.

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's Root

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana

Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi Missouri
Nebraska
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota

Ohio
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia
Wisconsin

State Distributional Map for Veronicastrum virginicum, culver's root wild flower seed

Use the chart below for shipping charges on native wildflower seeds

 to order copy and mail the order form
or
email questions, comments and orders to john@easywildflowers.com 
 

 email with your zip code and number of plants
for shipping charges and availability on native wildflower potted plants
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root potted plants

We accept payment by check, money order, and through Paypal

The minimum seed order amount is $10, this can be a combination of different seeds.

subtotal for flower seeds 

shipping charge for seeds

seed orders up to  $20.00    =  

 $4.00 shipping

$20.01 - $50.00    =  

 $6.00 shipping

$50.01-$100.00    =  

 $7.50 shipping

over $100.00    =    7.5 % of subtotal

Home

 Order Form   Wildflower Seed and Potted Plant Price list  Flower Pictures

Easyliving Wildflowers
PO Box  522
Willow Springs,  MO.  65793
USA
Phone 417-469-2611 

We accept payment by check or money order and through PayPal

e-mail questions, comments, and orders to  john@easywildflowers.com

Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's Root Plant distribution map complements of USDA, NRCS. 2001. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.1
  (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

page not finished

Alternate Names
Bowman’s Root
Uses
Conservation: Culver’s root is a native, clumping, perennial wildflower growing well in moist to wet meadows and prairies. It is a good component of a pollinator seed mixture seeding native grasses and wildflowers together. It grows easily in sunny locations and combines well with wildflowers such as asters, bee balm, cardinal flower, swamp milkweed, goldenrods and ironweeds.
Wildlife: The most common visitors to the flowers are long and short tongued bees, which collect pollen and nectar. Other pollinators include honeybees, bumblebees, mason bees, green metallic bees and masked bees. Other insect visitors include sphecid wasps, butterflies, moths and syrphid flies. The seeds are too small to be of interest to birds.
Ethnobotanical: The Cherokee, Iroquois, Chippewa and Menominee Indians used this plant for a multitude of medicines. It is used as an analgesic, cathartic (accelerated defecation), emetic (induces vomiting), treatment for coughs, fevers and rheumatism and to assist with childbirth.
Landscape: Culver’s root is a tall, durable, adaptable and easily grown. It’s beautiful (usually white, purple to pink) flowers occur at a time of year (July - September) when most other plants are not flowering. It sometimes needs staking and is a good wildflower for meadows, borders, wetlands and rain gardens. It makes a nice cut flower lasting as much as a week in fresh arrangements.
Status
Culvers root is threatened in Massachusetts and New York and endangered in Vermont. Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g., threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values).
Description and Adaptation
Culver’s root distribution from USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.
For updated distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site.
Description: Culver’s root is a native perennial wildflower growing 3 to 6 feet tall. The genus name Veronicastrum is a combination of Veronica and the suffix astrum (false), which describes this plants resemblance to Veronicas. It is one of only two species in the genus. Its common name probably originates from an eighteenth century doctor or herbalist who popularized its use for various ailments. The central stem is round and smooth. Along the stem are 3 to 7 leaves arranged so that all leaves are attached at the same point and wrap around the stem (whorled). These leaves are up to 6 inches long with finely toothed (serrated) edges. At the top of the plant slender spikes of white, pink or blue flowers up to 8 inches long appear from July – September. These flowers, which bloom from the top to the bottom, are not fragrant, last about a month and resemble a candelabrum. The small seeds can be carried by the wind several feet from the mother plant. The root system has a central taproot as well as underground stems (rhizomes).
Establishment
General: The seed capsules are produced in large quantities within the small woody capsules. Collect the capsules when they are yellow, they will turn brown when fully ripe. The seeds do not fall out of the capsules easily and usually have to be slightly crushed (a rolling pin works well) in order for the seed to be released. A very small screen should be used to separate the seed from the chaff. The seed should be stratified before sowing by storing in a sealed, labeled container or plastic bag with wet sand or peat moss at 38 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit for 90 days.
Propagation by seeds: After stratifying sow seeds in a soil mix of one-third sand and two-thirds commercial plug mix. Keep the seeds will-lit (light is required for germination) and the air temperature between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Germination percentages are usually high (80% range), and seedlings are large enough to transplant by midsummer. Even though Culver’s root is found in damp sunny locations and sometimes wetlands, the greatest threat to seedling survival is overwatering. To establish a native wildflower and grass meadow, sow about 15,000 seed (.2ounces.) per acre with a native seed drill or comparable equipment. Plants grown from seed will flower in their second year.
Propagation by cuttings/division: Culver’s root is most easily propagated by divisions in the late fall or early spring. Each rootstock segment must have a bud to be successful.
Two to three node tip cuttings (softwood) root easily in the late spring.
Management
It grows slowly for the first year but recovers in the second growing season. Although it is adaptable to growing in various soils and moisture levels, it is not an overly aggressive wildflower. The stems of Culver’s root l may need staking. Pinching back the plants will sacrifice the architectural effect of the foliage.
Pests and Potential Problems
No known or potential problems at this time.
Environmental Concerns
No known environmental concerns.
Cultivars, Improv